Language development delay and the difficulties in Early Childhood
Is your child experiencing difficulties in his or her speech pronunciation? Does he or she have challenges in their ability to listen? Have you noticed your child having problems with writing or reading? How can speech therapy help your children that has language delay? What are the symptons of dyslexia? Worry no more since you can get professional assistance by seeking the intervention of speech-language therapists (SLP), an expert who is likely to help your kid cope up with the speech complications, allowing him or her adapt their lives efficiently in the society.
What is Dyslexia?
Simply put, Dyslexia refers to the disability in learning that makes it difficult for a child to write and read. In most cases, Dyslexia hinders proper spelling of some words, which might lead your kid to encounter difficulties in answering questions appropriately.
The first thing worth remembering is that dyslexia is a condition and not a disease. In fact, dyslexia has no relationship with human intelligence. That means that kids with dyslexia are as smarter as their fellow peers. For one thing, dyslexia is a hereditary condition transferred from the parent to kid.
It is the most common learning issue in kids, making them encounter difficulty in reading fluently. In extreme cases, dyslexia can lead to other complications in spelling, writing, math, and reading comprehension.
Symptoms of Dyslexia
Dyslexia impacts kids differently. Therefore, the symptoms may differ from one child to another. But the most common symptom involves the accuracy and fluency of reading and spelling respectively. Below are some additional signs of dyslexia:-
- Reading problems
Dyslexia makes your kid encounter reading difficulty irrespective of the teacher’s efforts. The kid tends to have some recurrent memory loss and often forget some pronunciations.
- Slow learning
Your kid might take time to learn specific terms and words. That can result in the mispronunciation of words and at times distortion of some vowels.
- Spelling mistake
Your kid might have trouble recognizing the spelling of letters. Such children always forget quickly, with a majority making spelling errors.
- Speech problem
Your child might have challenges to pronounce some words appropriately. While reading long paragraphs at the middle school level, the kid might re-read sentences and paragraphs. Your child might also skip over some small words often when reading aloud.
- Slow processing speed
Your kid might take a prolonged period to process information. Of course, that can make it challenging for your kid read and get the meaning of what they have learned.
- Visual processing issues
Your kid might have experienced a challenge processing what the eyes see. In most cases, that has led to reversing letters when writing or closing one eye when reading.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Dyslexia is not a disease but a condition that can be regulated. As stated earlier, dyslexia gets inherited from the parent to the kid. Some of the strategies and tips in the treatment and diagnosis include:-
- Guidance and counseling
Since dyslexia is a condition which can have far-reaching psychological turmoil, it is advisable to seek proper guidance, advice, and support to help in maintaining the resultant mental effects. In this regard, parents should consult specialists in psychology among them speech-language therapists (SLP).
- Assessment and evaluation
Kids with dyslexia should have continuous assessments to improve their performance when it comes to reading and writing.
- Neurological test
Subject your kid to psychological testing which involves tapping the kid’s sense including their sense of vision, hearing, and touch.
What Roles Can Parents Play To Help Children With Dyslexia?
Parents remain the child’s best source of support. As a result, you should give your child necessary tools that can help him or her excel in school especially when it comes to reading and writing. Below are some of the things that parent can do:-
- Develop different ways to improve your child’s reading comprehension.
- Identify software and apps that can help your child with reading.
- Give your child audiobooks.
- Discover your child’s area of weaknesses in reading and writing.
What is apraxia?
Apraxia is the neurodevelopment disorder which makes it hard for the kid to talk. People with apraxia finds it hard to articulate some words accurately. In most cases, Apraxia can be caused by brain damage, which can be as a result of stroke and some traumatic injuries.
Apraxia can make your kid fail to perform specific tasks efficiently, for instance, their ability to blink. Apraxia can also affect other body parts such as the legs and arms which might fail to respond as required.
- Difficulty in pronunciation
- Unnecessary stresses of words
- Problem in integrating syllables
- Poor speech delivery
- Unnecessary pause between the syllables.
Diagnosis and treatment
To evaluate apraxia, the speech-language pathologists must examine and review your kid’s medical history. Individuals suffering apraxia should be subjected to rhythms and melodies to enhance the mastery of some words.
Differences between Articulation and Language Delay
Articulation is the sound produced by the parts of the body involved in the speech. These parts include; lips, tongue, teeth, jaws, the rear portion of the roof of the mouth, the palate and the alveolar ridge.
Articulation occurs when someone has a challenge producing certain sounds correctly. If your kid has articulation, he/she replace, omit or distort some syllables, making the receiver fail to understand what the speaker implies. Even though articulation is a problem that mainly faces kids, it might also affect adults. Some illustrations of articulation include:-
- Where the sound /w/ gets replaced with /r/ example _like is pronounced as wike
- Where the sound /L/ gets replaced with /Y/ example, _Luke is pronounced as Yuke
Some aspects exist that can guide you to realize if your child has a language delay. At age two or three, your kid should have a proper grasp of his/her maternal language. The child should have an understanding of what he/she can express.
Language delay refers to the situation where your child’s language develops slower than expected. Of course, that does not correspond to their age. Language delay often occurs when your kid has a hearing problem or when some parts of the brain have complications, for instance, cognitive impairment.
There are two types of language delay:- receptive and expressive language delay. A responsive language delay occurs when your child has problems in understanding the language correctly whereas the latter happens when your kid experiences the problem of speech.
- Your child being unable to bubble at the age of 15 months
- Your kid failing to utter a word at the age of 2 years
- Your kid developing the inability to follow some instructions and directions
- Your kid experiencing difficulty in constructing simple, readable sentences
- The kid also tends to omit some crucial letter in a sentence.
How to test language delay
You can taste language delay by subjecting your kid to a thorough psychological examination. However, it is advisable to consult speech-language pathologists who carry out an intensive evaluation of the speech and the language development of your kid. The assessment aims to identify verbal and nonverbal expression of the kid. The specialist can also access other impairments like hearing and the ability to sense.
Language delay is just like any ordinary medical condition. That means that it can also be reversed and regulated. After the examination of the language delay, the specialist can put to practice the treatment plan. The speech-language therapists might advise the parent to talk to their kids frequently to enhance the kid’s pronunciation skills
How the speech therapy help Kids with Dyslexia, Apraxia, Articulation, and Language Delay
Speech therapy employs the services of a professional speech therapist with diverse knowledge about phonological skills. Thus, if your kid has dyslexia, speech therapy can help reduce the trouble associated with understanding and pronunciation. In general, speech therapy helps to improve your kid’s overall phonological system, acting as a paramount intervention to reading and spelling challenges.
Type of Speech Therapy That Should be provided for Children with Dyslexia
- Speech Sound Errors/Skills
Such kind of speech therapy helps children who have trouble with speech sounds due to phonological problems. Speech sound skills help to determine if your child has difficulty to understand speech.
- Phonological Awareness Skills
Refers to the pre-reading skills that help to determine how your child is doing with phonological awareness tasks like rhyming, segmenting, or blending. Such capabilities allow your kid to manipulate sounds and put them together to form words.
If your child has trouble with such skills, they are likely to have difficulty with decoding and spelling words. We should expose our children to such therapy to increase their phonological awareness and improve their ability to participate in other related activities such as reading and spelling.
- Overall Language Skills
Based on the results of the evaluation, we should administer therapy to address the areas with concerns about your child’s speech development. You may expose your kid to language tests, and if they score, it may be a sign of dyslexia. Your kid can make the most significant gain in language problems such as comprehension and spelling through such type of speech therapy.